PEA consultants
Over the past few years I have worked in different consulting roles; as an independent consultant; as a member of a large consulting team; and as owner’s representative managing consultants.   I have learned that there is a role for both the independent consultant and larger consulting firms.  Read on for more in this self-serving article.

Independents have a role

A previous blog (“9. Large Consulting Firms or Small Firms – Any Difference?”) discusses where large and small consultants fit into the overall picture.   Large technical teams are required where there are broader scopes of work, significant effort levels, and where multiple skills sets are needed.
Independent consultants are a different thing.  They are best suited for assisting the Owner directly, either independently or as part of an overall corporate advisory team.  Non-technical junior mining management teams should always have access to in-house engineering capability for brainstorming or technical direction.
Even if some of the management are technically oriented, having independent thought is valuable. The question is whether the engineer should be a cheerleader or a true independent observer.
Independent consultants will differentiate themselves from large engineering firms in several ways.
  • They don’t bring a lot of extra personnel onto a job.  They focus only on what is needed and can draw in other expertise when needed.
  • They can provide unbiased advice.  Larger firm sometimes have business development conflicts. The independent consultant does not have the motivation to win a feasibility study or EPCM contract.
  • A company can develop a long term working relationship with an independent consultant.  Everyone gets familiar with each other’s objectives and goals.  Large engineering firms can be revolving doors with people moving on to other firms.
  • Independents can work efficiently at a pace of their own choosing.  This can result in lower costs and faster deliverables.  I know many independent consultants will work evenings and weekends to meet client targets.
  • Independents can provide long term stability since they won’t have any employee turnover.  Personally I was involved for over 15 years with a mining operating in Suriname.  The expat staff at the mine site experienced significant turnover.  This was partly due to them being promised personal development relocations.  I ended up being the only constant for the mine site.  I knew the history and why things were done they way they were.  I even had copies of old study reports they could no longer find in their files on site.  I knew what was done previously, thereby avoiding re-inventing the wheel each time there was a new technical manager was brought in.

Consultants and Stocks Options

A point of discussion is whether the independent consultants should receive stock option compensation.  I have worked under both situations.
Awarding stock options might eliminate the “independent” nature of the relationship and hence negated the ability to sign off as an independent QP.  In some circumstances, the company may not require the independent consultant to be a QP since they mainly fulfill an advisory role.
Does one want independent advice, from someone who may not be a significant shareholder or option holder?
One advantage of awarding stock options is that the consultant may become more beholden to the project.  They feel it is their project too, rather than simply acting as an adviser.  They may have a longer term interest in being involved with the project and the company.
Conversely the company may prefer the consultant doesn’t have any direct ownership so that their advice can be viewed as being unbiased. Having a contrarian view of corporate plans is a good thing.
I feel that awarding stock options is a good way to foster long term commitment from the consultant. It can be easier for them to walk away without any such inducement.


The bottom line is that independent consultants have a role to play and should be part of all owner’s teams, whether be on the Board or on an Advisory Panel.   The independent consultants can be selected based on their technical specialization (i.e. exploration, resource modelling, mining, metallurgy, environmental) and provide valuable part time guidance to the company.
The caveat is to ensure that the consultant is technically capable.  I have seen instances where certain members of the advisory panel gave poor advice.  perhaps they weren’t that technically capable but simply friends with some of the management.  Unfortunately other advisors would see these limitations, but not say anything out of professional courtesy.
Lastly, decide whether the engineer should be an honest advisor or a cheerleader.  Companies should want to hear the truth.  If a 3rd party due diligence teams comes in, they will be looking for flaws in the project.  It would be in a company’s self interest to know what those flaws are before the due diligence teams finds them.
One of the things an advisor can help do is decide the study path the company should take.  To learn more about the 4 mining study types, you can check out this blog post “4 Mining Study Types (Concept to Feasibility)“.
Note: You can sign up for the KJK mailing list to get notified when new blogs are posted. Follow me on Twitter at @KJKLtd for updates and insights.

One thought on “Junior Miners – Get Your Own Independent Consultant

Leave a reply